Joint & Muscular Pain

The joint comprises of two bones and cartilage that is surrounded by a fibrous capsule and ligaments. Joint pain is usually due to natural wear and tear, injury or trauma to any of these structures, but could also be due to a number of different arthritic conditions.

Most muscular pain is the body’s natural protective mechanism. Muscles mainly go into spasm to protect a joint or injury, but can also act as a warning sign that the muscle may have been misused due to the repetitive nature of an activity or prolonged postures.

If not looked at in it’s early stages, some conditions can become chronic. Arthritis can occur in any joint. Click here for more information on arthritis and how The Physio Studio can help your condition.

Physiotherapy can help ease symptoms and and help prevent conditions reoccurring. At the Physio Studio we work with you to develop an effective regime to get you back to health and achieve your goals.

To find out about joint and muscular pain and the likely causes simple click on the hotspots marked on the body.

Please call 01344 861891 to book an initial assessment.

Pain Hotspots - Front

Pain Hotspots - Back



Frozen Shoulder /Capsulitis

A stiffness and reduction in range of motion at the shoulder joint. Can be with or without pain and discomfort. It Is usually as a result of inflammation and scarring of the joint capsule. With this we usually aim to increase ROM and reducing pain (if present).




Inflammation of the tendon sheath producing pain, swelling and an audible creaking on movement. It is most commonly found in the tendon sheath of the thumb around the inside of the dominant hand/ wrist due to prolonged and repetitive use of a keyboard and or mouse. Treatment would consist of reducing the inflammation and therefore pain, possibly with the use of electrotherapy, wrist support and anti inflammatories. A progressive stretching and strengthen regime could also be used and the workstation assessed and addressed.



Labral Tear

The labrum is the lip like structure that sits in the socket of the ball and socket joint that is the hip. The labrum provides great stability for the hip joint, if damaged or torn it can cause server pain, spasm and thus restriction of movement. Physiotherapy can be very effective at treating this, but in some cases injection therapy or possibly surgery may be required.

Adductor strains

Strain of the muscle or tendon of the muscle of the inner thigh, usually caused by slipping or a fall. As the leg is taken away from the midline of the body the muscle is overstretched and damaged. (Similarly to sprains there are varying degrees of injury to the muscle and would be treated after assessing the severity of the strain.)



Degenerative meniscal tear This is usually gradual in onset and caused by repetitive turning of the knee on a fixed foot. If it does not settle with Physiotherapy an arthroscopy may be required to return to full function.

Antrior knee pain

An umbrella term used to cover a number of possible cause of knee pain/ discomfort. The knee structures and its surrounding muscles would be assessed to find the exact cause of the pain and then treated in a similar way as PFJ (see below).

Patelofermoral Joint

Osteoarthritis can be common here. Normally due to a mal tracking of the knee cap (patella) which can be caused by muscular imbalances around the knee and hip or due to altered biomechanics due to the body's natural position /structure of the foot. We could possibly work on the foot, hip and core stability here to help reduce the stress being placed on the knee and thus reduced pain and increase its stability and function.



Shin Splints

This can also be known as anterior compartment pain. The normal cause is due to an over-pronation of the foot when exercising, resulting in overuse, inflammation and spasm of the anterior tibialis muscle that is trying to control foot motion. In more sever cases there may be a stress fracture of the tibia. In either case the biomechanics of the foot would be assessed and treatment given to aid recovery and rehabilitation of the control; and position of the feet when running/walking.



Lateral ligament sprain

There are 3 ligaments on the lateral side of the ankle that provide the ankle with stability. The anterior one is usually the one that is mostly damaged in a typical "ankle sprain". There are 3 degrees of sprain 1) mild 2) moderate and 3) severe, each progressively affecting the degree of pain, swelling and instability at the ankle joint. Unless extremely unstable, all 3 are managed conservatively with physiotherapy. The main aim is to reduced swelling and pain, restore full range of movement, strength, proprioception and stability at the ankle so that you can return to full activity as soon as possible.




Damage to the ligaments, vertebrae and possibly nerve roots of the neck region caused by the jerking of the head and neck backwards. Road traffic accidents are the most common cause.



Golfers Elbow

Identical to golfer's elbow, only it is the finger and wrist flexors that insert on the inside of the elbow that is effected.



Protruding disc (Slipped disc)

The inner gel like substance of the disc protrudes into the outer fibrous wall causing a bulge in the disc to occur. The disc normally protrudes laterally or posteriorly often compressing ligaments and/or nerve roots. This commonly results in back and leg pain.

Lower Back - Lumbago

Any cause of pain in the lower back region. Normally as result of an imbalance in the muscle around the lower back and pelvis causing pain, discomfort and spasm due to spending prolonged periods of time in the same posture (e.g. at a workstation) or due to the repetitive nature of a certain activity that you may do. Also high levels of physical and emotional stress can cause spasm and trigger points to form in the muscles thus giving discomfort.



Tennis Elbow

Inflammation of the finger and wrist extensors tendons that attach on the outer side of the elbow. Normally as a result of a repetitive movement/strain (typing on a key board, using a mouse or an activity where you hold your hand backwards.) This causes pain, inflammation and restricted use of the hand and wrist especially.



Gastroc/soleus injury

The gastrocnemius is commonly damaged when pushing off to accelerate in any sport or activity. It is managed in the same way that any other muscular strain/tear is managed. Assessment of the degree of severity, and then support, soft tissue work, mobilisations and a progressive exercise regime appropriate to regain full fitness as soon as possible.



Achilles tendonitis/tendonosis

Tendonosis is a degenerative change in the tendon that can occur with the aging process. The biomechanics of the foot would be assessed to see if you are putting any undue stress upon the tendon. If so, this would be addressed. A treatment plan would be put together to reduce pain and inflammation to regain full muscle length, strength and function as soon as possible.



Plantar fascitis

This is inflammation of the thick tissue on the bottom of the foot. This tissue is called the plantar fascia. It connects the heel bone to the toes and creates the arch of the foot. Plantar fasciitis occurs when the thick band of tissue on the bottom of the foot is overstretched or overused. This can be painful and make walking more difficult.Treatment can consist of pad under the heel, anti inflammatories, electrotherapy, soft tissue work and feet biomechanical assessment.